Somalia Medal The Canadian Airborne Regiment in Somalia
A Soldier's Journals
Tuesday, April 24, 2018  

Somalia '93




 

Open Fire Policy

Just prior to deployment to Somalia, each soldier was issued a card with the open fire policy.  I have reproduced it here as faithfully as possible including the formatting.  The cards were about three by five inches, coated in plastic and printed on both sides.

FIELD AIDE MEMOIRE OP DELIVERANCE

RIGHT OF SELF DEFENCE - Every soldier has the right to take all necessary and appropriate action for self-defence.

MINIMUM FORCE - Only the minimum degree of force required to deal with the situation shall be used.

DEFINITIONS

HOSTILE FORCES - Any individual, force or terrorist group, whether civilian, paramilitary or military that has committed a hostile act or demonstrated hostile intent.

HOSTILE ACT - An opposing force commits a hostile act when attacking or otherwise using armed force against Canadian Forces, Canadian Citizens, coalition forces, relief personnel, relief material, distribution sites, convoys, or noncombatants.

HOSTILE INTENT - Hostile intent is the threat of imminent use of force against Canadian Forces, Canadian Citizens, coalition forces, relief personnel, relief material, distribution sites, convoys, or noncombatants.

TERRORIST ATTACKS - Terrorist attacks are usually undertaken by civilian or paramilitary personnel in which a definition of hostile act or hostile intent apply.


GRADUATED RESPONSE. (The level of response to be exercised initially will depend on the situation, as common sense dictates.)
  1. warning (verbal, visual);
  2. minimum force (manoeuvre, physical restraint);
  3. warning shot; and
  4. deadly force (use of firearms or crew served weapon.)

USE OF DEADLY FORCE PERMITTED FOR

  1. Self Defence.
  2. Defence of Coalition member.
  3. Defence of relief personnel and supplies.
  4. Defence of Noncombatants.


THREAT/RESPONSE

  1. Threat - Unarmed Harassment or Threat (should first take the following procedure)
    Response
    1. verbal warning,
    2. show of force,
    3. warning shot,
    4. deadly force (use as a last resort)
    Note: Riot Control Agents may be used before deadly force, if approved by the Commander CJFS
  2. Threat - Armed Individual
    Response
    1. verbal warning,
    2. minimum force,
    3. warning shots,
    4. deadly force
  3. Threat - CREW SERVED WEAPONS
    Response
    1. verbal warning,
    2. minimum force,
    3. warning shots,
    4. deadly force
  4. Threat - AIRCRAFT (There is no identified threat)
    Response
    1. identify aircraft,
    2. use deadly force only if the aircraft is clearly committing a hostile act.
DETENTION OF PERSONNEL. Personnel who commit a hostile act, or demonstrate hostile intent, interfere with the mission may be detained when ordered by the commander.

UNATTENDED MEANS. No booby traps or mines are authorized.

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